Proprioceptive-Deep Tendon Reflex
(P-DTR), a form of functional neurology, developed by Dr. Jose Palomar who is an orthopedic surgeon and neurologist from Mexico. P-DTR is the practical application of theoretical neurology that is based on new research in Neuroscience when working with and understanding pain.
P-DTR works with different levels of neurological organization of the Central Nervous System (CNS). P-DTR takes a deep understanding of how the nervous system works and how sensory receptors pick up information about our environment and communicate to the brain.
For the brain to understand the world in which we live, it has to have information. This information is gathered by our external senses, what we see, smell, hear, touch and taste, and our internal senses; our sensory receptors.
Our sensory receptors react to a physical stimulus in the environment. It is the sensory nerve ending that receives information and conducts a process of generating nerve impulses to be transmitted to the brain for interpretation and perception. These signals are sent from organs, glands, muscles, ligaments, joints and more. A healthy and well organized nervous system will receive and analyze the incoming information to produce an appropriate motor and/or gland response such as stimulation, facilitation and/or inhibition.
This is important because sometimes the receptors can become sensitized, become over-stimulated or subject to some kind of trauma due to injury. A “dysfunctional” receptor has an altered perception of the signal and may be extremely energy inefficient causing stress on the body. This alteration to normal function must be compensated for regardless of the consequence on the body and can lead to several dysfunctions such as illness, instability, limited range of motion, lack of energy, emotional issues, etc
Let’s say, for example, you sprained your ankle. Even when the ankle is structurally healed the receptors can still be sensitive or vulnerable because they are trying to protect from future problems. Therefore an abnormal signal may still be sent from the brain to the ankle which can result in the ankle not functioning as it is supposed to. Compensation in other body parts can also occur, creating a wide range of secondary problems. To understand why this is important we need to understand that the brain works on an input process, output model. Our input comes from our senses and receptors. Information is also
What is P-DTR?
filtered through our past memories, emotions, and experience. If the input from the receptors is higher due to sensitivity, our perception of the environment is therefore changed. This means that the brain is more likely to perceive that information as threatening and therefore needs to create a change in output to try to keep it safe. This output leads to changes in muscle function and tone, movement patterns, hormonal changes, pain, and many other issues.
With P-DTR we can trace the primary signal of dysfunction and identify secondary or tertiary areas where compensation may have occurred. Using P-DTR we locate and desensitize these overly sensitive receptors in the body, to stop the need for these changes in output occurring in the first place. We use manual muscle testing to find areas of weakness and sensitivity, then use neurological stimuli such as swipes, taps, and pressure to detect which receptors have become sensitized then reset these receptors back to a normal resting tone so that the brain receives accurate information..